Writing Tips: Narrative Writing (Primary)

NARRATIVE WRITING

 

Tip #1

Gather story ideas from reading the news

Read the news daily for story ideas, or at least skim through the headlines. For example, the following news stories would be relevant content for a compo prompt on courage:

  • Students who helped boy trapped under car receives SCDF awards
  • SCDF officers to the rescue as flood waters rise
  • 78-year-old woman fights off armed robber at convenience store

 

 

Tip #2

Flesh out the climax

Make sure your climax is engaging and has sufficient detail.

Did you…

  • include your characters’ feelings, actions and thoughts?
  • use the five senses (beyond sight) to paint a vivid scene?
  • break down important actions into smaller steps?

Negative Example: The robber demanded for money.

Positive Example: One of the burly men fished a gun out of his baggy pockets and pointed it at the shopkeeper’s forehead. Advancing slowly towards the shaking shopkeeper, he roared, “Fill my bag up now!”

 

 

Tip #3

Use figurative language

Use the acronym MS HIP to help liven up your writing.

  • Metaphors: The classroom became a zoo once Ms Lee left.
  • Similes: He avoided the water like the plague.
  • Hyperbole: Old Mr Ong has been working here since the Stone Age.
  • Idioms: Our star player had fallen sick at the eleventh hour.
  • Personification: Fear robbed me of my words.

 

 

Find out how LiteracyPlus can guide your child in overcoming the challenges of composition writing. Call 6777 2468 or enquire here.

 

 

For more writing tips on the various types of compositions students will have to write in either primary or secondary school, click on the following links below:

 

Primary School

 

Secondary School

 

English Paper 2 Tips (Primary)

READING COMPREHENSION

 

 

Paraphrasing Strategies

#1   Mention the main idea

#2   Remove irrelevant details

#3   Structure it differently

 

 

Tip #1

Mention the main idea

Focus on stating the main idea in your own words.

 

The doctor involved in the cave rescue taught divers how to administer anaesthetics so they could sedate the boys mid-rescue.

Q: What role did the doctor play in the rescue?

A: He taught the divers how to use drugs to keep the boys calm.

 

 

Tip #2

Remove irrelevant details

Identify information that is directly relavant to answering the question and remove any irrelevant details in the sentence.

 

Kino defty slipped his knife into the edge of the shell, feeling the muscle tighten as he moved.

 

 

Tip #3

Structure it differently

Don’t let your Synthesis & Transformation skills go to waste! Use them to change the sentence structure (e.g. active to passive voice).

 

After three days of rescue efforts, on 10 July 2018, divers managed to safely extract all of the boys and their coach from the cave.

Q: What happened to the boys and the coach in the end?

A: All of them had been extracted safely from the caves by the divers.

 

 

 

Find out how LiteracyPlus’ EELS programme can support your child in their learning. Call 6777 2468 or enquire at here.

 

For more English Paper 2 tips, click on the following links below:

English Usage Tips

VOCABULARY

 

  • “Fewer” refers to items you can count individually

Incorrect: There are less pupils attending today.

Correct:  There are fewer pupils attending today.

 

  • “Less” refers to a commodity, such as sand or water, that you can’t count individually

Incorrect: My sister eats fewer rice than I do at dinner.

Correct:  My sister eats less rice than I do at dinner.

 

 

For more vocabulary tips, click the following links below:

For some grammar and punctuation tips, click the following links below:

Oral Tips

PRONUNCIATION

 

Commonly mispronounced words in Singapore:

 

Word Correct Pronunciation Incorrect Pronunciation
almond Ah-mond ELL-mond
composition com-po-SI-tion COMPO-si-tion
excel ex-CEL EX-cel
nonchalant NON-sha-lant non-CHA-lant
poem PO-em po-YEM
the (before a vowel) THEE THUH, DUH
the (before a consonant) THUH DUH
vehicle VE-hi-cle ve-HE-cle

 

 

For more pronunciation tips, click here.

 

For help on the various oral components that get tested in primary school, click on the following links below:

Maths Tips

PRIMARY MATHS HACKS

 

Watch out for these tricky elements that can appear in your child’s Maths questions! Take extra care not to fall into these traps.

 

MATHS HACK #1

John had 12 lollipops. He shared them with 3 friends. How many lollipops does each person have?

Key word: Share (so John is included)

Incorrect: 12 ÷ 3 = 4

Correct: 12 ÷ 4 = 3

 

 

 

MATHS HACK #2

The total age of John and Ken is 18 years. What is the total age of John and Ken 5 years later?

Correct: 18 + 5  + 5  = 28

Key point: Add the number of years twice because there are 2 people. Add 3 times if there are 3 people.

 

 

 

MATHS HACK #3

The distance between two trees is 8m. 5 trees are arranged in a straight line along the road. What is the distance between the first tree and the last tree?

Key point: Use your hand to identify the number of gaps between trees. The number of gaps in always 1 less than the number of points.

Correct: 4 gaps x 8m = 32m

 

 

 

For our previous post on PSLE Maths tips, click here

 

Click the following links for step-by-step video tutorials on how to solve these word problem concepts:

Book Recommendations

RECOMMENDED CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

 

AGES 4-8

Hello Lighthouse by Sophie Blackall (winner of the 2019 Caldecott Medal)

Let’s Go for a Drive! (An Elephant and Piggie Book) by Mo Willems

The Day You Begin by Jacqueline Woodson

If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff

Lulu Is a Rhinoceros by Jason Flom

Pete the Cat: Firefighter Pete by James Dean

I Want My Hat Back by Jon Klassen

The Word Collector by Peter H Reynolds

Drawn Together by Minh Le

Diary of a Worm by Doreen Cronin

Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes

The Pout-Pout Fish by Deborah Diesen

 

AGES 8-12

The Miscalculations of Lightning Girl by Stacy McAnulty

Hello Universe by Erin Entrada Kelly (winner of the 2018 Newbury Medal)

You Go First by Erin Entrada Kelly

Front Desk by Kelly Yang

Bob by Wendy Mass

Henry and Ribsy by Beverly Clearly

Guinness World Records 2019

The BFG by Roald Dahl

Prince Martin Wins His Sword by Martin Hale

 

 

AGES 10-14

The Night Diary by Veera Hiranandani (2019 Newbury Honor Book)

The Book of Boy by Catherine Gilbert Murdock (2019 Newbury Honor Book)

Percy Jackson’s Greek Gods by Rick Riodan

New Kid by Jerry Craft

The Remarkable Journey of Coyote Sunrise by Dan Gemeinhart

Pay Attention, Carter Jones by Gary D. Schmidt

Song for a Whale by Lynne Kelly

Five Feet Apart by Rachael Lippincott

Pax by Sara Pennypacker

Smile by Raina Telgemeier

The Lost Girl by Anne Ursu

Dragon Pearl by Yoon Ha Lee

Sweeping Up the Heart by Kevin Henkes

The Line Tender by Kate Allen

Spy Runner by Eugene Yelchin

The Simple Art of Flying by Cory Leonardo

Watch Hollow by Gregory Funaro

The Science of Breakable Things by Tae Keller

The Book Thief by Markus Zusak

 

 

For some of our older book lists, click the following links:

P3 to P6 Oral Communication Programmes (Apr 2020)

Primary 3 to Primary 6 Oral Communication Programmes

The art of speaking comes into play not only in school examinations; it is also a crucial life skill that a student can use as they progress from school to working life. Many would feel that oral communication skills are simple and can be easily improved upon with consistent practice. While it is true that consistent practice is essential to improve, students have to develop the right skill set to work on first.

 

From physical delivery skills to vocal delivery skills, LiteracyPlus’ Oral Communication Programmes will teach students various strategies for reading aloud as well as stimulus-based conversation.

  • Physical delivery skills such as eye contact, facial expressions and posture
  • Vocal delivery skills such as pronunciation, pitch, pace power and pause
  • Strategies to tackle Stimulus-Based Conversation

 

Primary School Oral Programmes

 

Come join us as we explore techniques and strategies for clearer and more effective communication!

 

*Due to the current COVID-19 situation, all oral programmes will be cancelled from 6 April to 17 April. Stay tuned for further updates to our Oral Programmes!

Group A

Date: 6 April – 9 April (Monday – Thursday)

Session 1: 2.15pm – 4.15pm

Session 2: 4.30pm – 6.30pm

Cost: Refer to flyer above

 

Group B

Date: 13 April – 17 April (Monday – Friday)

Session 1: 2.15pm – 4.15pm

Session 2: 4.30pm – 6.30pm

Cost: Refer to flyer above

 

 

Spaces are limited, so call 6777 2468 or SIGN UP ONLINE today!

*Looking for timings not on the timetable? Please call or email us your interest. Classes may open at new timings if there is sufficient interest, subject to availability.

 

Visit our Facebook page for current updates and information!

Primary School Maths Camp (March Holidays 2020)

Primary School Maths Camp (16 – 17 March 2020)

 

Can’t keep track of all those Maths concepts? Is your child having difficulties solving word problems? Fret not, come join us this March Holidays for our 2-Day Primary School Maths Camp instead!

Happening on the 16th and 17th Mar, we will be using conceptual approach to help students improve their word problem solving skills by focusing on key Maths concepts.

  • P3: variety of Whole Number word problems
  • P4: Whole Number and Fraction word problems
  • P5: variety of topical word problems
  • P6: past PSLE questions, Speed and Percentage word problems

 

Primary School March Holiday Maths Camp

 

Primary 3 & Primary 4

Dates: 16 – 17 Mar 2020 (Monday – Tuesday)

Time: 2.00pm – 4.00pm

Cost: $115

 

Primary 5 & Primary 6

Dates: 16 – 17 Mar 2020 (Monday – Tuesday)

Time: 10.00am – 12.00pm

Cost: $125

 

 

Spaces are limited, so call 6777 2468 or SIGN UP ONLINE today!

*Looking for timings not on the timetable? Please call or email us your interest. Classes may open at new timings if there is sufficient interest, subject to availability.

 

Visit our Facebook page for current updates and information!

English Paper 2 Tips

READING COMPREHENSION

 

Tip #1

Determine importance

In any text, readers should prioritise information and single out the important pieces. Analyse everything from titles, headings and bold print, which are text features in non-fiction text, to strong verbs used in novels, which are verbal clues.

 

 

 

Tip #2

Visualise

Good readers are constantly creating pictures in their minds while reading. Readers can also benefit from well-illustrated books as they visualise how words and images connect in meaning-making.

 

 

 

Tip #3

Synthesise

Being the most sophisticated of the comprehension strategies, synthesis is creating a single understanding from a variety of sources. New ideas combine with existing knowledge to form new ideas or interpretations.

  • Compare and contrast current text with existing information
  • Think of new ways to use the new information
  • Create new generalisations or new perspectives

 

 

 

For more English Paper 2 tips, click on the following links below:

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